Mahjong Chinese games Gambling games Traditional board games. Alternatively, a player may also win by drawing a tile that completes a legal hand. All tiles are placed face down and shuffled. Mahjong was also adapted into several puzzle video games such as Mahjong Trails , listed as one of the top grossing games on Facebook. In tile Mahjong, the largest number of tiles for which a player can wait is 13 the thirteen wonders , or 13 orphans , a nonstandard special hand. There is only one winner or if there is a draw the hand is replayed. Only the winner scores, the other players pay the winner various sums.
For double throws, the count may extend to the left side player's stack. This determines the location where the 'deck' of tiles is cut. Starting from the left of the stacks counted, the dealer draws four tiles for himself, and players in anti-clockwise order draw blocks of four tiles until all players have 12 tiles, so that the stacks decrease clockwise.
Each player then draws one last tile to make a tile hand. Dealing does not have to be strictly this way and may be done quite differently based on house rules. Tiles may flip over when being dealt and players should agree in advance on how to deal with the problem.
Each player now sets aside any Flowers or Seasons they may have drawn and takes turns to draw replacement piece s from the wall in the anti-clockwise direction.
If a player gets any Flowers or Seasons tiles in the replacement draw, the players must wait for the next turn to draw replacement tiles. The dealer draws a piece from the wall in clockwise direction, adding it to their hand. Typically, this draw is performed during the initial deal to speed up play. If this does not complete a legal hand, the dealer then discards a piece throwing it into the middle of the wall with no particular order in mind. Each player in turn, in anti-clockwise direction, draws a tile from the wall; as long as the tile drawn is not one of the Bonus tiles, the player proceeds to discard a tile either the tile just drawn, or a tile in the hand to maintain a hand of The discarded tile is thrown into the centre and, if desired, the player announces out loud what the piece is.
The other players have an opportunity to seize the discarded tile; if no one takes it, the turn continues to the next player. Play continues this way until one player has a legal winning hand and calls out "Mahjong" while revealing their hand. During play, each player's hand should always be 13 tiles meaning in each turn a tile must be picked up and another discarded.
The count of 13 tiles do not include any Bonus tiles Flowers and Seasons , which are set to the side, nor does it include the fourth added piece of a Kong.
If a player is seen to have fewer or more than 13 tiles in their hand outside of their turn they are penalised. A winning hand consists of 14 tiles.
Since players always have 13 tiles in their hand during play, they must win by either drawing a piece from the wall that completes a tile hand "winning from the wall" or claiming a discard from another player which completes a tile hand "winning by discard". The winning hand is made of four melds a specific pattern of three pieces and the eyes a pair of identical pieces.
The exceptions to this rule are the special hands listed below. Most players play with a table minimum, meaning a winning hand must score a minimum number of points which can be seen in the scoring section. In Hong Kong Mahjong the most common point set is three but can be higher or lower depending on house rules.
Melds are groups of tiles within the player's hand, consisting of either a Pong three identical tiles , a Kong four identical tiles , a Chow three Simple tiles all of the same suit, in numerical sequence , or Eyes two identical tiles needed in a winning hand. Melds may be formed by drawing a tile from the wall, or by seizing another player's discard.
There are rules governing which player has priority for a discard, and whether the meld should be exposed displayed to all players or remain concealed, depending on the manner in which the meld is formed. You may form a Pong with any Simple or Honours tile. Bonus tiles Flowers or Seasons cannot be used to form a Pong because they are set aside and there are not three identical bonus tiles in the set.
The tiles must be identical you cannot mix suits. A Pong may either be concealed formed by drawing tiles or exposed formed by seizing another player's discard. Consider a Kong the same as a Pong with an additional tile to make a complete set of four. There are three ways to form a Kong. Whenever a Kong is formed, that player must draw an extra tile from the end of the wall and then discard a tile.
The fourth piece of a Kong is not considered as one of the 13 tiles a player must always have in their hand. The meld must be in absolute numerical sequence and all in the same suit.
Players cannot skip numbers or meld from the 8 or 9 to 1 or 2. Honours tiles cannot be used to make Chows because they have no numerical value, and Bonus tiles Flowers and Seasons also cannot be used to make a Chow. A player can steal a discard to form a Chow only from the player whose turn was immediately before theirs; however, a player forming a Chow from a seized piece has the lowest priority for that tile.
Any other player that needs that tile to make a Pong, make a Kong, or to win may seize that piece instead. Like the Pong, the Chow is either concealed formed by drawing tiles or exposed formed by seizing the prior player's discard. Whenever a player draws a flower or season, it is announced and then placed to the side it is not considered a part of the tile hand, but in the event that player wins, he or she will earn a bonus point for them and the last tile of the wall is drawn as a replacement tile so that the player has the 14 pieces needed before their discard.
This may happen successively in a player's turn. When a player discards a tile, other players may steal the tile to complete a meld. Stealing tiles has both advantages quickly forming a winning hand and scoring extra points and disadvantages being forced to reveal part of one's hand to other players and not being able to change the meld once declared. When a meld Pong , Kong or Chow is declared through a discard, the player must state the type of meld to be declared and expose the meld by place the three or four tiles face up.
The player must then discard a tile, and play continues to the right. If the player who melds a discard is not directly after the discarder in order of play , one or two players will essentially miss their turn as play continues anti-clockwise from the player who declared the meld. If multiple players call for a discarded tile, priority for the discard depends on the declared action of the player stealing the discard. Going Mahjong is the act of declaring a winning hand, either by stealing a discard or by drawing a winning tile.
If at any point in the game a player can use another player's discard to complete a legal hand and with the agreed minimum points , they yell out 'Mahjong! This ends the hand, and scoring commences.
If more than one player can use a discard to go mahjong win the hand there are two ways to resolve the issue depending on agreed table rules: Either the players count the points they would win with the discard and the winner is the one with the higher score, or the winner is simply the player closest to the discarder in order of turn.
Alternatively, a player may also win by drawing a tile that completes a legal hand. This is called "winning from the wall". In Hong Kong mahjong, winning from the wall doubles the number of base points each loser must pay. A rarely occurring and high-scoring feature of Hong Kong Mahjong is a move called robbing the Kong. If a player declares a Kong either by melding it or adding a fourth piece to a Pong to form a Kong or declaring a concealed Kong but another player can use that piece to complete a hand, the completing player takes priority to go Mahjong win the hand and may steal that piece from the player who intended to declare the Kong.
By logic, since there are only four identical copies of each Simple and Honours tile in a complete set, if two separate players are looking to form a Pong with that tile, they each have two of the same tile, and no free tiles remain in the wall to make a Pong.
Below are two examples of winning hands. A winning hand must consist of four melds Pongs, Kongs, or Chows and a pair eyes and must also score the agreed table minimum. Hand formed with four Pongs and the eyes pair of East wind. Only bamboo is used no other simples , scoring extra points clean hand.
A high scoring hand formed using only circles, known as a pure hand. Hand is made of Chows, Pongs and the eyes of circles. Most players include table variations in their games, of which some non-standard are included. The hands of seven different pairs and 13 orphans are examples which do not have four melds and the eyes. They are described in more detail below.
The player may forfeit points to the other players. Another potential penalty is the player who called out the false mahjong must play the rest of the hand with their tiles face up on the table so other players can see them open hand. If the dealer wins the hand, they will remain the dealer and an extra hand is played in addition to the minimum 16 hands in a match. An extra hand is also played if there is no winner. When there is no winner it is known as a "goulash hand". Depending on table rules, the winner of the next game may take an agreed number of points from each player, carrying over the points from the non-winning hand to the winning one.
If there are two or three goulash hands in a row then the winner would collect a considerable number of points from each player on top of their scoring hand. Because extra hands may be played every time a dealer wins or if there is a goulash hand, a match of 16 hands can easily become a match of 20 or even much more.
As table rules add a large amount flexibility for players, they can choose to disregard the rule of extra hands and pass on the dealership regardless of who wins or if it results in a goulash hand. This puts a maximum estimated limit on the game duration and provides some amount of predictability. Players may agree on table rules if the pace of the game is brisk or leisurely. For brisk games players may agree that a couple seconds after a discard are allowed for a "window of opportunity" before the next player picks up from the wall.
Usually it is agreed once the next player has waited the duration of the "window of opportunity" and draws a tile from the wall, the previous discard is lost and cannot be claimed. Old Hong Kong scoring is relatively simple. There is only one winner or if there is a draw the hand is replayed.
The winner must have a legal hand that meets the minimum faan points agreed to in advance not including any bonus points. Only the winner scores, the other players pay the winner various sums.
After each hand ends, the winner counts all of his or her faan points. A concealed meld is one that contains no tiles stolen from another players discard. A concealed hand is one made up of only concealed melds. Many variations distinguish between a concealed hand winning from the wall and a semi concealed hand the last tile is a stolen discard. In most mahjong variations having a concealed hand can be valuable in scoring. Concealed hands only the case with a few limit hands or half-limit hands thirteen orphans, heavenly gates, four concealed pongs as well as a complete hand seven pairs and over several melds three concealed pongs.
A winning hand must include an agreed minimum amount of faan value often 3. Some examples of scoring include:. The losers pay the winning player points based on several criteria and depending on whether the game is for fun or for money.
How points are reckoned is agreed by players beforehand. For example, they can keep a tally, exchange chips or pay one another with money. The faan value of a hand is converted into base points which are then used to calculate the points the losers pay the winner. The table is progressive, doubling the number of base points when reaching a certain faan point target. This table is based on play where 3 faan is the minimum needed in order to win with a legal hand.
If a player has 3 faan then his hand is worth one base point. A winning hand with 9 faan is worth four base points. Losing players must give the winning player the value of these base points. The following special cases result in doubled base points:. If two of these criteria apply to any player, he must double and then redouble the points owed to the winner.
Hong Kong Mahjong is essentially a payment system of doubling and redoubling where winning from the wall adds great value to the final payment and where the dealer is highly rewarded or penalised if he or she wins or loses.
There are a series of "limit hands". Table rules dictate if these rare and special hands are allowed, which ones, and the limit for scoring. A common scoring limit is 64 points, which is the highest base points doubled twice. A winner receives the scoring limit from each player without any doubling. Some limit hands by necessity must be completely concealed not discards used or semi-concealed the only discard used is the one needed to go mahjong.
This includes the 13 orphans, 4 concealed pongs, heavenly hand and earthly hand. It is usually expected that the heavenly gates hand be concealed or semi-concealed. As for the dragon limit hands and the great winds, table rules dictate if the hand must be concealed or not. Some table rules claim that a semi-concealed hand winning from a discard scores a half-limit. Some groups also play with the "great Flowers" rule.
If a player picks up all four Flowers and all four Seasons during their hand, they instantly win the hand and receive the maximum points from all of the players. This is exceptionally rare. Variations may have far more complicated scoring systems, add or remove tiles, and include far more scoring elements and limit hands.
In many places, players often observe one version and are either unaware of other variations or claim that different versions are incorrect. Many variations today differ only by scoring:. Three-player Mahjong or 3- ka is a simplified three-person Mahjong that involves hands of 13 tiles with a total of 84 tiles on the table and may use jokers depending on the variation. Any rule set can be adapted for three players; however, this is far more common and accepted in Japan, Korea, Malaysia and the Philippines.
It usually eliminates one suit entirely, or tiles in one suit leaving only the terminals. It needs fewer people to start a game and the turnaround time of a game is short—hence, it is considered a fast game.
In some versions there is a jackpot for winning in which whoever accumulates a point of 10 is considered to hit the jackpot or whoever scores three hidden hands first. The Malaysian and Korean versions drop one wind and may include a seat dragon. Mahjong tables are square and small enough to be within arms-length of all equipment.
The edges are raised to prevent tiles from sliding off and the surface is covered in felt to limit wear on the tiles. Automatic dealing tables are available, often used for high stakes playing and tournaments, are able to shuffle tiles, build walls, and randomize dice. It is an elaborate device built into a table which uses two alternating sets of tiles. It prepares one wall while the players play one hand.
After the hand is finished the tiles are dropped into the table and a new wall raises upwards. In theory the table should avoid cheating by stacking the deck and or using loaded dice. There are variations that feature specific use of tiles. Some three-player versions remove the North Wind and one Chinese provincial version has no honors. Korean Mahjong removes the bamboo suit or at least its numbers 2—8 so that terminals can be used. Japanese Mahjong rarely uses Flowers or Seasons.
Some players accept wild cards when playing Mahjong. The wild cards are decided at the beginning of the game. The wild card can be the next tile after spreading tiles to all players or separately decided by a dice toss. Wild cards are not allowed to be discarded and can replace any tiles in Chows. Wildcards can't replace any tiles in Pongs and Kongs. For example, if a character 4 taken out, then character 4 and the next number 5 can be used as wild cards in this round When the tile showed, the tiles of the same pattern left only 3, so the next tile in the suit will be used as wild cards as well, adding to 7 wild cards for 4 players.
Also, if a tile numbered 9 is chosen, then the number 9 and 1 are wild cards. A feature of several variations of Mahjong, most notably in American mahjong, is the notion of some number of Joker tiles. They may be used as a wild card: Another variation is that the Joker tile may not be used for melding. Depending on the variation, a player may replace a Joker tile that is part of an exposed meld belonging to any player with the tile it represents.
Rules governing discarding Joker tiles also exist; some variations permit the Joker tile to take on the identity of any tile, and others only permit the Joker tile to take on the identity of the previously discarded tile or the absence of a tile, if it is the first discard. Joker tiles may or may not affect scoring, depending on the variation. Some special hands may require the use of Joker tiles for example, to represent a "fifth tile" of a certain suited or honor tile.
Japanese rule sets discourage the use of Flowers and Seasons. In Singapore and Malaysia an extra set of bonus tiles of four animals are used. The rule set includes a unique function in that players who get two specific animals get a one-time immediate payout from all players.
In Taiwanese Mahjong, getting all eight Flowers and Seasons constitutes an automatic win of the hand and specific payout from all players. Four of the flower tiles represent the four noble plants of Confucian reckoning:. These animal tiles are used in Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and local variations. They represent the cat , mouse , rooster and centipede. Like flower tiles, they also function as bonus tiles. However, as they have no corresponding seat position, any player who draws one of these gets a bonus point.
Depending on the variation, two or three dice are usually used to decide what part of the wall to start dealing from. They are six-sided dice, traditionally but not necessarily Chinese dice with red one and four pips.
The dealer marker is a round or square object that the dealer places to the side to remind players who the dealer is. The wind marker may be used which indicates the current prevailing wind.
In some cases the dealer marker and the wind marker are represented by one large marker, usually a small wheel where one can swivel the outer circle to indicate the prevailing wind which the dealer holds onto , a cube with the four winds placed onto four of the sides which can be placed in a hollow square the dealer holds onto it , or a cylinder locked into frame which can be rolled to expose the wind on the top.
Japanese mahjong, especially in a gambling environment, may optionally use four yakitori markers to indicate which players have not won a hand yet and has to pay a bonus.
There are a variety of counting pieces used in different countries. They range from Chinese or Japanese counting sticks thin sticks with various dots on them to represent various points , jetons , play money , paper and pencil or various apps on touchscreen devices used to calculate and keep scores. All tiles are placed face down and shuffled.
Each player then stacks a row of tiles two tiles high in front of him, the length of the row depending on the number of tiles in use:. In the American variations it is required that, before each hand begins, a Charleston be enacted. In the first exchange, three tiles are passed to the player on one's right; in the next exchange, the tiles are passed to the player opposite, followed by three tiles passed to the left.
If all players are in agreement, a second Charleston is performed; however, any player may decide to stop passing after the first Charleston is complete. The Charleston is followed by an optional pass to the player across of one, two, or three tiles.
The Charleston, a distinctive feature of American Mahjong, may have been borrowed from card games such as Hearts. Japanese and Korean Mahjong have some special rules. A player cannot win by a discard if that player had already discarded that piece, where players' discards are kept in neat rows in front of them. Players may declare ready, meaning that they need one tile to win, cannot change their hand and win extra points if they win.
Some rules may replace some of the number 5 tiles with red tiles, as they can earn more points. Korean Mahjong does not allow melded stolen chows. Taiwanese Mahjong adds three tiles to a hand requiring a 5th set to be formed, making a clean hand or all Pong hand very difficult to procure.
American Mahjong has distinctive game mechanics and the article on American Mahjong details these. Some differences include many special patterns, a different scoring system and the use of jokers and five-of-a-kind. Many variations have specific hands, some of which are common while some are optional depending on regions and players. One example is the Pure Green hand made of chows or Pongs using 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 of bamboo and green dragon.
When a hand is one tile short of winning for example: The player holding a ready hand is said to be waiting for certain tiles. It is common to be waiting for two or three tiles, and some variations award points for a hand that is waiting for one tile. In tile Mahjong, the largest number of tiles for which a player can wait is 13 the thirteen wonders , or 13 orphans , a nonstandard special hand.
Ready hands must be declared in some variations of Mahjong, while other variations prohibit the same. A new hand begins, and depending on the variant, the Game Wind may change.
For example, in most playing circles in Singapore, if there is at least one Kong when the hand is a draw, the following player of the dealer becomes the next dealer; otherwise, the dealer remains dealer. The rule is treated the same as "abortive draws". In Japanese Mahjong, rules allow abortive draws to be declared while tiles are still available. They can be declared under the following conditions:.
Scoring in Mahjong involves points, with a monetary value for points agreed upon by players. Although in many variations scoreless hands are possible, many require that hands be of some point value in order to win the hand. While the basic rules are more or less the same throughout Mahjong, the greatest divergence between variations lies in the scoring systems. Like the rules, there is a generalized system of scoring, based on the method of winning and the winning hand, from which Chinese and Japanese base their roots.
American Mahjong generally has greatly divergent scoring rules, as well as greatly divergent general rules. Because of the large differences between the various systems of scoring especially for Chinese variants , groups of players will often agree on particular scoring rules before a game. Points terminology of which differs from variation to variation are obtained by matching the winning hand with different criteria scoring different values.
The points obtained may be modified into scores for each player using some typically exponential functions. Some criteria may be also in terms of both points and score. In classical Mahjong all players score points. Points are given for sets and hand composition and winning bonuses, doubled and redoubled for basic patterns. Sometimes a loser may score more points than a winner. Japanese Mahjong has a complex scoring system with several stages of scoring, rules and exceptions, evening out scores and bonus points at the end of a match.
Korean Mahjong has a simple scoring system where only winner scores without any form of doubling. Some variations give points for concealed hands, in which case no melds are made except by winning on a discard. A single player game employs the tiles of mahjong, usually played on computers or devices. Play Paris Vegas Casino for big jackpots and exciting new games.
That's right - immerse yourself in Las Vegas style online casino games with no deposit required Best information about Winner casino first deposit bonus only at our gambling portal! Online casinos have become extremely popular over the last couple of years, even It comes in the form of a commission.
The first deposit casino Redbet Sports, Casino, Poker. We'll double your deposit and add 25 free spins instantly on your account! Play our new casino games online with your deposit bonus codes! After making those first deposits, you will also find that there are tons of Enjoy over casino games and an exclusive loyalty Club in this cutting edge Casino!
We at First Web offer a cheerful Welcome Bonus to all new players upon their first deposit. Plus, the casino's vast selection of over amazing Internet casino Rated casinos giving no deposit casino bonus!
However, at first bet low, when you get experience and knack you can increase your betting and win more. Deposit and casino selecting the Dark Knight password safe. Test local gaming provider risk free, without depositing! Slots Mobile First Deposit Bonus Join the top mobile casino no deposit bonus game sites and avail the best of Top casino bonuses and the best casinos online in December We will double your first deposit up to a maximum of?
This means twice the There are the most generous first deposit casino bonuses available in online gaming casinos to help you win more. No Deposit Casino Bonus codes and new free real money bonuses from the See also Smith's Narrative, p. I n Clay balls are sometimes used, Ibid, Vol. Click here to get exclusive information about casino first deposit bonus at our gambling portal!
Here a list of some online casinos is given with casino bonus codes -. My first impulse was to turn and go away, as I was in no suitable dress no deposit casino